|State Motto||Norya hevde seg!|
|• Ingliz||Norya prevails!|
|State Anthem||Du mektyg, du frya|
|Administrative Divisions|| 12 provinces (nynors: Fylker)|
1 Crown Colony (Magaya Pulau)
• % water
• Growth Rate
• Growth Rate
|Time Zones|| EDT (East Danetian Time)|
Norya, officially the Kingdom of Norya (nynors: Kungeryket Norya), is a Constitutional Monarchy that occupies the northeastern portion of the Danetian continent, covering an area of 1,772,600 km². It shares land borders with Erösország, Erth, Samthuma and Nuythco. The Kindoms capital and seat of the Royal family is the city of Hjørdsborg, located in the province of Fødeland.
The kingdom has rich resources of coal, iron ore, gas fields, hydropower, fish, forests, and minerals. Norya is Auroras largest exporter of seafood. Other main industries include food processing, shipbuilding, metals, chemicals, mining, fishing and pulp and paper products. Norya has one of the best welfare systems worldwide and the second-largest capital reserve per capita of any nation.
Government & Politics
- Main article: Politics of Norya
The Kingdom of Norya is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of government.
The Noryan Royal Family is a branch of the princely clan of Halværd, which won the Unification Wars in 1770 and founded the Kingdom of Norya. Since 2114 the king had been Henrik II. He succeeded his father King Torvald IV, who resigned in favor of his son.
The Constitution of Norya was adopted in 1954. It grants important executive powers to the King, but these are effectively always exercised by the Kungeliget Nasjonalråd (ingliz: Royal National Council, the cabinet) in the name of the King. Legally the King is the head of government and no business can be taken without his authority. The king does also act as cermonial head of state and a symbol of national unity and retains some reserve powers. The King also opens the Ryksting every August, receives ambassadors to the noryan court, and acts as the symbolic supreme commander of the Kungsarmé (ingliz: Royal Noryan Armed Forces) and the High Lord of the Church of Norya (Drottnarslord), the established church of Nordism.
The Royal National Council consists of a Lord Chancellor (nynors: Lordrykskansler), the head of government, and other ministers, formally appointed by the King. Parliamentarism has evolved since 1899 and entails that the cabinet must not have the parliament against it, and that the appointment by the King is a formality when there is a clear majority in Parliament for a party or a coalition of parties. After elections resulting in no clear majority to any party or coalition, the leader of the party most likely to be able to form a government is appointed Lord Chancellor by the King. Since the first elections the liberal conservative party Framsteg Norya (ingliz: Progress Norya) and the social conservatism orientated Demokratene Folkeparti (ingliz: Democratic People's Party) have established itselfs as the leading political powers in the Realm. There are several minor parties as well but with a inferior role on the national level than the "Grand Old Two", never occupying more than 1/3 of the Ryksting's seats altogether.
The King has regular government meetings (Kungeliget Nasjonalrådmøte) at the Royal Palace, where the Lord Chancellor informs the monarch about the actual political situation and decisions of the cabinet. The King has the authority to veto decisions or propose new ideas, which have to be (re-)disscused in the cabinet. But in fact the monarchy rarley exerts this power. However, since the enthronement of Henrik II, the involvement of the King in the political decision process has significantly increased again. In order to form a government, more than half the membership of the National Council is required to belong to the Church of Norya. Currently, this means at least nine out of 16 members.
The Noryan parliament is the Ryksting. It currently has 461 members. The Ryksting constitutes as a bicameral legislature, consisting of the Jarlsting or First Chamber, with 96 members and the Folketing or Second Chamber with 365 members. The First Chamber is indirectly elected by members of the provincial legislatures, while the Second Chamber is directly elected by universal suffrage.
The Ryksting meets in joint session at least once every year at the opening of the parliamentary year, when the king gives his Speech from the Throne. On special occasions, such as when a king is crowned or when a member of the royal house dies, both houses also meet in a joint session. The rest of the time, the two chambers hold meet separately.
Constitutionally all functions of the parliament are given to both houses, except for the rights of initiative and amendment. In practice the Folketing has these functions, as the Jarlsting meets only one day a week. The Joint Session also appoints the monarch if there is no heir to the throne and the regent is unable to exercise his or her powers.
Impeachment cases are nearly non existent but if, may be brought against Members of the National Council, of the Royal Supreme Court (Kungeliget Ryksrett), or of the Ryksting for criminal offenses which they may have committed in their official capacity.
- Main article: provinces of Norya
Regional government in the kingdom is formed by twelve provinces (Fylker, singular: Fylke). Provinces are responsible for spatial planning, health policy and recreation, within the bounds prescribed by the national government. Furthermore they oversee the policy and finances of municipalities and waterboards. The executive power is in hands of the Kings's Commissioner (Fylkejarl) and the Jarlsråd, the provincial councillors. The King's Commissioner is appointed by the national Cabinet and responsible to the Minister of the Interior and Kingdom Relations. Members of the Jarlsråd are appointed by, and responsible to the provincial legislature, the Fylketing, which is elected by direct suffrage.
Each province further divides into a number of municipalities (Sýslur). Municipal government in Norya is similar to city commission government and cabinet-style council government. A legislative municipal assembly (Sýslurting) of between 9 and 35 members (always an uneven number) is elected from party-list proportional representation at municipal elections, held every four years in conjunction with the provincial parliamentary elections.
The Crown Colony of Magaya Pulau is considered to be sovereign territory of Norya, but it does not form an integral part of the Kingdom itself and therefore is not treated as a province.
The Kingdom claims the island of Vazany Majetek (nynors: Fjernhenøy) and the waters around it, but other than fishing and exploration rights does not pursue the claim. To underline its ambitions the Kingdom operates a year-round manned outpost on the island.
- Main article: Kungsarmé
The Royal Army (Hær), Royal Navy (Marine), Royal Air Force (Luftvåpen), Royal Marshals (Kungeliget Marshalri) and Home Guard (Ryksvær) officially form the Royal Noryan Armed Forces (RNAF) (Kungeliget Noryan Væpnet Forses) and are collectively and by tradition known as the Armed Forces of His Majesty (Kungsarmé). The commander-in-chief is the monarch and they are managed by the Ministry of Defence (Forsvaretministerium). The Kungsarmé is charged with protecting the Kingdom of Norya, promoting the Realms global security interests and supporting international peacekeeping efforts.
Norya has mandatory military service for males (12 months of training) and voluntary service for females. However all front-line units are generally staffed with professional soldiers and volunteers (12+ months of service), conscripts (basic military service) mainly serve in Home Guard and supporting units. Male conscientious objectors and young women with completed school education have to attend an alternative service (12 months), managed by the Department of National Services (Nasjonaltjenstekontor).
- Main article: Foreign Relations of Norya
Geography and Climate
The Noryan economy is an example of a mixed economy, featuring a combination of free market activity and large government ownership. The government has large ownership positions in key industrial sectors, such as the strategic ressources sector, hydroelectric energy production, ship building, the banking sector and transportation (Ryksbaner). The government controls nearly 25% of publicly-listed companies. When non-listed companies are included the state has even higher share in ownership.
Culture and Society